This guide focuses mainly on Oklahoma tribes but also provides ideas about genealogy resources such as oral histories, newspaper indexes, and manuscript collections.
Tracing Your Cherokee Roots
Guides are linked in the middle and right side columns. The site also offers several newsletters. The help section discusses definitions of primary and secondary sources, document preservation, genealogy computer programs, census records, and land records, among other topics.
Archived versions from the Internet Archive. Some tribes have information about genealogy research and enrollment at their web sites.
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Other non-tribal web sites provide genealogy information and resources that are specific to various tribes. The web sites below provide directories of web sites about specific tribal genealogy information. To find web sites of specific tribes, you also can consult the library's Directories web page or Tribal Law Gateway.
Note the sections called Directories and Internet Research. Or, search the Internet for a tribe's web site. On the right side in the menu bar is a link to "Native American Nations" that provides historical information about tribes.
- How to Order Oklahoma Vital Records.
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In the middle of the page are links to agencies with genealogical information by state. There also are a variety of links to resources such as genealogy databases with access information , censuses and rolls, and histories and biographies. Note the link to information about how to search rolls middle section of the web page. Web sites focus on the history of a tribe or genealogy projects, and some are tribal web sites that provide genealogy information. But other sections of this site also link to resources that are tribe-specific, such as "Mailing Lists, Newsgroups, and Chat.
Each tribal section contains contact information for genealogical records or information and links to online and other resources some are advertised as free and some are advertised for sale.
If professional researchers or volunteers are available to research information on a particular tribal association, that information is provided also. Topical links on the left side of the web page provide details about using various types of records, such as immigration, social security, and military materials. NARA also provides publications for sale and information about workshops offered at various regional locations. First Wave of Removals.
Soon after the Louisiana Purchase, Thomas Jefferson urged the resettling of tribes of the eastern United States on the newly acquired lands west of the Mississippi. In , Congress passed legislation authorizing the negotiation of removal treaties with the eastern tribes, and over the next twenty years, several tribes or portions of tribes moved west.
The first phase of removal was mostly voluntary, mostly peaceful, but often conflicted with white settlers moving west of the Mississippi at the same time. Aftermath of the War of and Creek War. Cherokees, Creeks, and others of the five civilized tribes were to pay dearly for their support of the British Army during the War of Areas supposedly set aside for Indians was compromised further when Arkansas Territory was established in , it included most of the area of present-day Oklahoma.
And in , Missouri was admitted to the Union, further reducing the perceived range of land that was to be dedicated to the relocation of eastern Indian tribes. In , the present western boundary of Arkansas was drawn, and for the first time, the law described the area west of that line as the exclusive domain of Indian tribes. But, its jurisdiction was still part of the larger area officially called Unorganized Territory, an area that extended from the Red River of the South present Texas to the Red River of the North present Minnesota.
Due to a misunderstanding of the Arkansas boundary, early white settlers north of the Red River in present-day McCurtain County, Oklahoma thought they were living in old Miller County, Arkansas Territory. In , several hundred families were moved to areas south of the Red River to vacate the newly defined Indian domain. This was a rare case in American history where whites were relocated to make room for Indians — it was usually the other way around.
The new law also regulated certain activities of non-Indians within the region and established judicial boundaries: the northern portion of the region modern Kansas was to be under the control of the federal courts of Missouri; the southern portion modern Oklahoma , under the federal courts of Arkansas. Federal censuses in the Indian Country taken from through for non-Indians were under the jurisdiction of the Missouri and Arkansas federal marshals.
Indians were specifically excluded from the federal censuses, except those who lived off reservations and subject to taxes like non-Indians. Second Wave of Removals.
Together, these agreements opened most of present-day Kansas for white settlement. That same year Congress created Kansas Territory, which encompassed the remaining tribes and their diminished reservations. Although county clerks record births and deaths and provide information on request, certificates are available only from the Vital Records Section, State Department of Health, N.
Modern Records (Post-1900)
Tenth St. Box , Oklahoma City, OK www. Purpose and relationship statements are required.
Early birth certificates contain much less information than those recorded currently. Since statehood, marriage and divorce records are maintained by the clerk of the court in the county in which the license was issued or divorce granted. Some marriage records are also available at the county level for Oklahoma Territory before statehood. Tribal records at the Oklahoma Historical Society see Oklahoma Archives, Libraries, and Societies contain some earlier birth records in relationship to land allotments see Oklahoma Land Records as well as death records.
Oklahoma Marriage Records
Children of mixed marriages may be included in the births. Some Native American and county vital records have been published by individuals and organizations. Several examples follow:. Ashton, Sharron Standifer. Indians and Intruders. Norman, Okla. These publications include birth, marriage, and death records as well as numerous other abstracted records. Bogle, Dixie.
Tracing Native American Family Roots
Cherokee Nation Births and Deaths, ' Utica, Ky. Oklahoma Genealogical Society. Oklahoma City: Oklahoma Genealogical Society, Talkington, N. Houston, Tex.